2.0.0 * * @param string $role Role name. */ public function add_role( $role ) { if ( empty( $role ) ) { return; } $this->caps[ $role ] = true; update_user_meta( $this->ID, $this->cap_key, $this->caps ); $this->get_role_caps(); $this->update_user_level_from_caps(); /** * Fires immediately after the user has been given a new role. * * @since 4.3.0 * * @param int $user_id The user ID. * @param string $role The new role. */ do_action( 'add_user_role', $this->ID, $role ); } /** * Remove role from user. * * @since 2.0.0 * * @param string $role Role name. */ public function remove_role( $role ) { if ( ! in_array( $role, $this->roles, true ) ) { return; } unset( $this->caps[ $role ] ); update_user_meta( $this->ID, $this->cap_key, $this->caps ); $this->get_role_caps(); $this->update_user_level_from_caps(); /** * Fires immediately after a role as been removed from a user. * * @since 4.3.0 * * @param int $user_id The user ID. * @param string $role The removed role. */ do_action( 'remove_user_role', $this->ID, $role ); } /** * Set the role of the user. * * This will remove the previous roles of the user and assign the user the * new one. You can set the role to an empty string and it will remove all * of the roles from the user. * * @since 2.0.0 * * @param string $role Role name. */ public function set_role( $role ) { if ( 1 === count( $this->roles ) && current( $this->roles ) == $role ) { return; } foreach ( (array) $this->roles as $oldrole ) { unset( $this->caps[ $oldrole ] ); } $old_roles = $this->roles; if ( ! empty( $role ) ) { $this->caps[ $role ] = true; $this->roles = array( $role => true ); } else { $this->roles = false; } update_user_meta( $this->ID, $this->cap_key, $this->caps ); $this->get_role_caps(); $this->update_user_level_from_caps(); /** * Fires after the user's role has changed. * * @since 2.9.0 * @since 3.6.0 Added $old_roles to include an array of the user's previous roles. * * @param int $user_id The user ID. * @param string $role The new role. * @param string[] $old_roles An array of the user's previous roles. */ do_action( 'set_user_role', $this->ID, $role, $old_roles ); } /** * Choose the maximum level the user has. * * Will compare the level from the $item parameter against the $max * parameter. If the item is incorrect, then just the $max parameter value * will be returned. * * Used to get the max level based on the capabilities the user has. This * is also based on roles, so if the user is assigned the Administrator role * then the capability 'level_10' will exist and the user will get that * value. * * @since 2.0.0 * * @param int $max Max level of user. * @param string $item Level capability name. * @return int Max Level. */ public function level_reduction( $max, $item ) { if ( preg_match( '/^level_(10|[0-9])$/i', $item, $matches ) ) { $level = (int) $matches[1]; return max( $max, $level ); } else { return $max; } } /** * Update the maximum user level for the user. * * Updates the 'user_level' user metadata (includes prefix that is the * database table prefix) with the maximum user level. Gets the value from * the all of the capabilities that the user has. * * @since 2.0.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. */ public function update_user_level_from_caps() { global $wpdb; $this->user_level = array_reduce( array_keys( $this->allcaps ), array( $this, 'level_reduction' ), 0 ); update_user_meta( $this->ID, $wpdb->get_blog_prefix() . 'user_level', $this->user_level ); } /** * Add capability and grant or deny access to capability. * * @since 2.0.0 * * @param string $cap Capability name. * @param bool $grant Whether to grant capability to user. */ public function add_cap( $cap, $grant = true ) { $this->caps[ $cap ] = $grant; update_user_meta( $this->ID, $this->cap_key, $this->caps ); $this->get_role_caps(); $this->update_user_level_from_caps(); } /** * Remove capability from user. * * @since 2.0.0 * * @param string $cap Capability name. */ public function remove_cap( $cap ) { if ( ! isset( $this->caps[ $cap ] ) ) { return; } unset( $this->caps[ $cap ] ); update_user_meta( $this->ID, $this->cap_key, $this->caps ); $this->get_role_caps(); $this->update_user_level_from_caps(); } /** * Remove all of the capabilities of the user. * * @since 2.1.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. */ public function remove_all_caps() { global $wpdb; $this->caps = array(); delete_user_meta( $this->ID, $this->cap_key ); delete_user_meta( $this->ID, $wpdb->get_blog_prefix() . 'user_level' ); $this->get_role_caps(); } /** * Returns whether the user has the specified capability. * * This function also accepts an ID of an object to check against if the capability is a meta capability. Meta * capabilities such as `edit_post` and `edit_user` are capabilities used by the `map_meta_cap()` function to * map to primitive capabilities that a user or role has, such as `edit_posts` and `edit_others_posts`. * * Example usage: * * $user->has_cap( 'edit_posts' ); * $user->has_cap( 'edit_post', $post->ID ); * $user->has_cap( 'edit_post_meta', $post->ID, $meta_key ); * * While checking against a role in place of a capability is supported in part, this practice is discouraged as it * may produce unreliable results. * * @since 2.0.0 * @since 5.3.0 Formalized the existing and already documented `...$args` parameter * by adding it to the function signature. * * @see map_meta_cap() * * @param string $cap Capability name. * @param mixed ...$args Optional further parameters, typically starting with an object ID. * @return bool Whether the user has the given capability, or, if an object ID is passed, whether the user has * the given capability for that object. */ public function has_cap( $cap, ...$args ) { if ( is_numeric( $cap ) ) { _deprecated_argument( __FUNCTION__, '2.0.0', __( 'Usage of user levels is deprecated. Use capabilities instead.' ) ); $cap = $this->translate_level_to_cap( $cap ); } $caps = map_meta_cap( $cap, $this->ID, ...$args ); // Multisite super admin has all caps by definition, Unless specifically denied. if ( is_multisite() && is_super_admin( $this->ID ) ) { if ( in_array( 'do_not_allow', $caps, true ) ) { return false; } return true; } // Maintain BC for the argument passed to the "user_has_cap" filter. $args = array_merge( array( $cap, $this->ID ), $args ); /** * Dynamically filter a user's capabilities. * * @since 2.0.0 * @since 3.7.0 Added the `$user` parameter. * * @param bool[] $allcaps Array of key/value pairs where keys represent a capability name * and boolean values represent whether the user has that capability. * @param string[] $caps Required primitive capabilities for the requested capability. * @param array $args { * Arguments that accompany the requested capability check. * * @type string $0 Requested capability. * @type int $1 Concerned user ID. * @type mixed ...$2 Optional second and further parameters, typically object ID. * } * @param WP_User $user The user object. */ $capabilities = apply_filters( 'user_has_cap', $this->allcaps, $caps, $args, $this ); // Everyone is allowed to exist. $capabilities['exist'] = true; // Nobody is allowed to do things they are not allowed to do. unset( $capabilities['do_not_allow'] ); // Must have ALL requested caps. foreach ( (array) $caps as $cap ) { if ( empty( $capabilities[ $cap ] ) ) { return false; } } return true; } /** * Convert numeric level to level capability name. * * Prepends 'level_' to level number. * * @since 2.0.0 * * @param int $level Level number, 1 to 10. * @return string */ public function translate_level_to_cap( $level ) { return 'level_' . $level; } /** * Set the site to operate on. Defaults to the current site. * * @since 3.0.0 * @deprecated 4.9.0 Use WP_User::for_site() * * @param int $blog_id Optional. Site ID, defaults to current site. */ public function for_blog( $blog_id = '' ) { _deprecated_function( __METHOD__, '4.9.0', 'WP_User::for_site()' ); $this->for_site( $blog_id ); } /** * Sets the site to operate on. Defaults to the current site. * * @since 4.9.0 * * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object. * * @param int $site_id Site ID to initialize user capabilities for. Default is the current site. */ public function for_site( $site_id = '' ) { global $wpdb; if ( ! empty( $site_id ) ) { $this->site_id = absint( $site_id ); } else { $this->site_id = get_current_blog_id(); } $this->cap_key = $wpdb->get_blog_prefix( $this->site_id ) . 'capabilities'; $this->caps = $this->get_caps_data(); $this->get_role_caps(); } /** * Gets the ID of the site for which the user's capabilities are currently initialized. * * @since 4.9.0 * * @return int Site ID. */ public function get_site_id() { return $this->site_id; } /** * Gets the available user capabilities data. * * @since 4.9.0 * * @return bool[] List of capabilities keyed by the capability name, * e.g. array( 'edit_posts' => true, 'delete_posts' => false ). */ private function get_caps_data() { $caps = get_user_meta( $this->ID, $this->cap_key, true ); if ( ! is_array( $caps ) ) { return array(); } return $caps; } }